Perth industrial & logistics in demand
Double-digit growth in employment levels within the logistics and manufacturing sectors is leading to strong occupier activity in the Perth industrial market
In September 2021, Western Australia’s unemployment rate fell to 4.1%, the lowest level since June 2010. The top-performing sectors within the WA labour force over the last 12 months intrinsically relate to industrial & logistics space demand. The labour market has recorded double-digit growth from the logistics and manufacturing sectors – highlighting the strength in business conditions within these sectors. Interestingly, the bulk of occupier activity within the Perth industrial & logistics market comes from these two sectors (representing a combined 81% of take-up over the 18 months to June 2021). The increase in employment levels within the two sectors is related to a significant improvement in warehouse and logistics space demand.
Historically, both sectors have dominated industrial & logistics occupier demand in the Perth market. Over the 10-year period to 2019, leasing activity from the transport, postal and warehousing sectors represented 38% of overall occupier activity, with the manufacturing sector representing 13%. The two sectors still dominate the make-up of overall activity; however, their dominance has become more prevalent in recent times. Between 2020 and 1H21, the transport, postal and warehousing sectors represented 57% of occupier activity, with the manufacturing sector representing 24%.
Figure 1: Perth industrial occupier activity by sector
Source: JLL Research, 2Q21
The rapid rise of the e-commerce sector, stemming from a structural shift in how and where consumers shop, has become a dominant force within the retail sector. Online sales, which as a proportion of overall retail sales increased from 9.6% in 2020 to 13.9% in August 2021, is expected to increase to 20% by 2025, based on the latest NAB online retail sales index report (August 2021).
Nevertheless, Australia’s e-commerce penetration rate is still below the global average of 18%. As e-commerce continues to grow, so does the demand for industrial & logistics space. This is due to a rising need for warehousing and distribution centres stemming from a diverse range of businesses associated with food production, cold storage, leisure, and healthcare.
The manufacturing sector has also been a significant contributor to Perth industrial occupier activity. Between 2020 – 1H21, the manufacturing sector represented 24% of overall industrial space take-up, compared to the long-term average of 13%.
A surge in demand within the mining and construction industries is driving the manufacturing sector resulting from increased activity in technical areas such as steel, timber and aluminium fabrication. As such, engineering construction activity in WA is up 13.2% y-o-y as of June 2021.
Figure 2: WA engineering construction activity (work done)
Source: JLL Research/ABS
Moving forward, new manufacturing activity arising from industries such as food and pharmaceuticals may further propel growth in WA’s manufacturing sector. These industries that fall under the non-discretionary retail trade sector (otherwise known as consumer staples) underpin the long-run stability of the industrial & logistics sector and the associated cold storage sector.
We also expect a greater focus on solidifying WA’s end-to-end supply chain for critical products – from R&D for pharmaceutical and other critical products, manufacturing to storage and distribution. These initiatives are already underway by both the Federal and WA State Government, thus minimising WA’s international reliance and creating supply chain agility and resilience.